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Facts You Must Know About Book Censorship

Facts You Must Know About Book Censorship

What is Book Censorship?

Book Censorship is the act of banning a publication in the form of a book
resulting from content that is perceived to be objectionable, incendiary,
illicit, or immoral by the presiding governmental body of a specific country or
nation. The nature of Book Censorship varies greatly on both domestic and
international levels, as well as public and private institutions.

In many cases, the party responsible for an
institution’s funding may reserve the right to regulate the censorship of books
within circulation. However, due to the modernization of censorship laws within
the United States, the Federal Government will rarely call for specific,
nationalized Book Censorship unless the content is agreed to be detrimental to
the public well-being.

Book Censorship and Government

The methodology of rule varies amongst individual countries and nations alike. In
certain locations, Book Censorship is deemed to be unlawful. However, in other
locations, publications that are perceived to be in direct contrast with
theocratic or moral standards may undergo Book Censorship.

Censored Books

The following are 10 books in which their respective banning has been
commonplace on both international and domestic levels:

1.    Candide written by Voltaire
2.    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn written by Mark Twain
3.    Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley
4.    1984 written by George Orwell
5.    The Catcher in the Rye written by J.D. Salinger
6.    Lolita written by Vladimir Nabokov
7.    I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings written byMaya Angelou
8.    The Anarchist Cookbook written by William Powell
9.    The Satanic Verses written by Salman Rushdie
10.    Harry Potter Series written by J.K. Rowling.

Necessary Censorship vs. Unnecessary Censorship

Necessary Censorship vs. Unnecessary CensorshipWhat is Unnecessary Censorship?

The notion of Unnecessary Censorship is considered to be subjective in nature; while debates with regard to censored expressions considered to be Unnecessary Censorship are ongoing, the process of analysis – as well as the investigation of the expressions subject to censorship – is rarely uniform. Unnecessary Censorship is a qualification given with regard to an act of altering, adjusting, editing, or banning of media resulting from the presumption that its content is perceived to be objectionable, incendiary, illicit, or immoral. The range of authority retaining the power to censor material is vast; not only will the respective ideology and methodology of censorship vary on both national and international levels, but it is subject to vary on both public and private levels, as well. Furthermore, those in retaliation of certain censorship deemed to be Unnecessary Censorship will also vary.

Unnecessary Censorship on a Public Level

Governmentally-mandated – or public – censorship takes place in the event that the content, subject matter, or intent latent within an individual form of media is considered to exist in contrast with preexisting statutory regulations and legislation. In many cases, the censorship of media will be analogous with corollary laws in existence:
The classification of public censorship with regard to necessary or unnecessary censorship exists in tandem with the notion of the public sector, which is defined as any setting in which individuals of all ages inhabit that comply with legal statutes of accepted morality and proper behavior; this differs by locale – the nature of the public sector is defined with regard to the nature of the respective form of media and its adherence to legislation
This process is overseen by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which a federal agency sanctioned by the federal government of the United States in order to regulate the activity taking place in the public setting-based media

Unnecessary Censorship on a Private Level

Private institutions retain the right to censor media which they may find objectionable; this is due to the fact that the participants in private – or independent institutions – are defined as willing participants. As a result, upon joining or participating in a private institution, the individuals concede to adhere to applicable regulations:
In many cases, the party responsible for an institution’s funding may reserve the right to regulate the censorship of media undertaken
While the censorship laws within the United States, the Federal Government will rarely call for specific, nationalized Censorship unless the content is agreed to be detrimental to the public wellbeing, a private interest group may choose to censor media that they feel may either deter or contradict their respective ideologies

Violence in the Media and Unnecessary Censorship

Media involving the promotion or undertaking of criminal activity, threat, malice, or the promotion of illegal and damaging ideas with the intent to cause harm. Although a vast amount debate exists with regards to the depiction of criminal activity – both for entertainment purposes, as well as those depictions shown on public news broadcasts:
Lobbyists opposing what they deem to be unnecessary censorship maintain that in contrast to media outlets depicting violence and subject to unnecessary censorship are presumed to glorify the same activity and expressions appearing on the news
Furthermore, lobbyists state that the choice to indulge in legal – albeit presumably objectionable material – should be the right and choice of private citizens

Need to Know Facts About Television Ratings

Need to Know Facts About Television Ratings

Nudity on television is regulated to some extent by the Government
or the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The ratings which precede a
show must show if the program will contain nudity, cursing or violence. These
ratings can also help to determine the appropriate age group for a program.

Nudity on television is regulated, but only to some extent. There
are certain types of nudity which do not fall under regulation guidelines.

Censorship laws has
more information on nudity on television.

Must Know Facts About Freedom of Speech

Must Know Facts About Freedom of SpeechWhat is Freedom of Speech?

Freedom of Speech is an unalienable right afforded to every citizen of the United States of America; these rights make mention of the statutes expressed in the 1st Amendment to the Constitution of the United States – a statute that provides every American citizen to ‘Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness’. With regard to the provisions set forth within the 1st Amendment to the United States’, the Freedom of Speech prohibits the unlawful banning, prohibition, and ceasing of unlawful censorship.

1st Amendment

Date Proposed: September, 25th 1789
Date Ratified: December 15th, 1791
Contents of the Amendment: This Amendment affords citizens of the United States with the freedom of religion, the freedom of press, the freedom of speech, and the right of assembly; the freedom of speech is considered to not only be granted by the Federal Government, but also protected by them as well
Legislative Classification: Bill of Rights

Is the Freedom of Speech a Human Right?

The Freedom of Speech is considered to be both a Human Right and Human Liberty; the determination of this relies heavily of the circumstance surrounding then nature, objective, and intent of the speech. In contrast to the precepts inherent in Human Rights, Human Liberties typically maintain a nature of action and event in which personal choice and freedom is implicit. Human Liberties – such as the Freedom of Speech – afforded to citizens of the United States are undertaken through agency and autonomy in lieu of circumstance or permissive mandating. Human Liberties are defined as the opportunities, entitlements, and awards granted to the specific citizens of a country or nation that are applicable to social interaction and interpersonal activity taking place within a societal level.

Legal and Illegal Freedom of Speech and Expression

Although Freedom of Speech is considered to be an inalienable Human Right, with regard to activity or actions that employ the Freedom of Speech and expression for means that contract the legality and legislative statutes mandatory within the United States of America, that Freedom of Speech may be defined as either a human liberty or even a crime. Expression and activities deemed to be damaging, hateful, and prejudicial in their nature – including expression and activity serving to denigrate and rob others of their respective ‘pursuit of happiness’ – are considered to be both an unlawful and illegal act:

Freedom of Speech and Prejudice

Prejudice can be defined as the discrimination against another group or individual with regard to an individual trait or characteristic believed to be out of the control of the individual who displays it, which may include discrimination and crimes committed out of personal and unfounded bias.

Freedom of Speech and Public Policy

Although the rights expressed within the United States Constitution allow for every American citizen to the right to freedom of speech, expressed prejudice with regard to the happiness, opportunity, and wellbeing of another individual is both illegal and unlawful – this can include biased hiring practices and admission policies.

Freedom of Speech and Criminal Activity

Hate Crimes, or any form of harm caused due to a latent prejudice or personal bias is considered to be illegal on the grounds that one’s freedom of speech results in the dissolution of another individual’s pursuit of happiness.

Learn All About the Google Censorship Debate

Learn All About the Google Censorship DebateIntroduction to the Google Censorship Debate

The Google Censorship debate surrounds the alleged measures undertaken by the Google Corporation, who is considered to employ the most popular and utilized search engine on the Internet. A search engine is defined a program into which terms and words are entered; subsequent to their entry, the search engine will render a list of pertinent resources and websites calculated in accordance with a complex algorithm with regard to the determination of these results. The alleged subjectivity and presumed discretion assumed to exist within the search results rendered – in lieu of objective and unbiased results – has sparked a debate regarding prospective Google Censorship on the part of lobbyists.

What is the Google Censorship Debate?

The Google Censorship debate addresses acts of censorship, which include altering, adjusting, banning, or editing the search results rendered by the Google Search Engine; many consider this act of Google Censorship to be a direct result of the content and subject matter latent within specific search results media perceived to be objectionable, incendiary, illicit, or immoral by the Google Corporation. However, the nature of the Google Censorship debate varies greatly with regard to both the jurisdiction of the presumed censorship taking place, as well as the nature of the content of the search results subject to banning and censoring:

Points of the Google Censorship Debate

Opponents of Google Censorship that has presumably taken place upon the organization of search results with regard to terms entered into Google has sparked varies lobbies and standpoints; while certain groups serve as proponents of Google Censorship, others vehemently oppose the censorship of the Internet as a violation of the 1st Amendment of the Constitution – the Amendment affording the freedom of expression to all citizens of the United States. With regard to their respective regulatory measures, Google explains that censored material results from:
Media presumed to contain content agreed to be detrimental to the public wellbeing
Media presumed to contain content that in in direct violation of legislation and statutes undertaken by a particular jurisdiction
Media presumed to contain content that compromises the safety and wellbeing of the general populace

Examples of Alleged Google Censorship

The following instances have been reported as reflecting Google Censorship considered being unlawful and unethical by opponents of such censorship measures:
The Google Corporation was alleged to be working in tandem with the Chinese government with regard to the censoring of search results presumed to be objectionable for Chinese citizens
The Google Corporation was alleged to have removed search results presumed to promote specific ideas; these include websites openly criticizing the Church of Scientology, websites openly promoting Sexual Absolutism, and websites openly criticizing abortion
The Google Corporation was alleged to have removed media portraying events taking place within Egypt, as well as within the United States

Google Censorship Legality

The Google Corporation has explained that the only means of censorship employed by them involves the precepts set forth within the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1996 (DMCA), which prohibits measures undertaken in order to promote, engage, assist, or advance the violation of digital copyrights taking place on the Internet; this statute prevents the illegal downloading and unlawful transfer of media.

5 Important Facts about Media Censorship

5 Important Facts about Media CensorshipMedia Censorship Defined

Media Censorship is the act of altering, adjusting, editing, or banning of any or all media resulting from the presumption that its content is perceived to be objectionable, incendiary, illicit, or immoral by the applicable legislative authority or Government within a specific jurisdiction. The ideology, methodology, and measures or determination regarding media subject to Media Censorship exists in conjunction to the vast expanse of the varieties of media in existence; this can include – but is not limited to books, publications, expressions, products, services, radio broadcasts, televised broadcast, Internet-based broadcasts, films, movies, pictures, images, videos, and speech:

The Causes of Media Censorship

The nature of the media in question, as well as any prospective measures of Media Censorship undertaken is in direct violation of applicable legislation existing within a specific location or jurisdiction; in the event that Media Censorship is considered to be unlawful or in violation of human or civil rights entitled to the respective citizenship, the Media Censorship in question may undergo judicial review.

Media Censorship of Criminal Activity

Online Crimes are defined as the participation or engagement in unlawful, illicit, and illegal behavior through the usage of the Internet; digital Media Censorship of activities and expressions considered to be criminal in nature are vast – the following are examples of criminal activity subject to censorship within the media:
Media involving the promotion or undertaking of criminal activity, threat, malice, or the promotion of illegal and damaging ideas with the intent to cause harm
Media involving subject matter and content presumed to endanger the welfare of the general public, in addition to media assumed to compromise the safety and wellbeing of the public
Media that is in direct violation of accepted and applicable legislation with regard to a particular jurisdiction or location

Media Censorship of Sexual Expression Illegal in Nature

Media including pornographic images depicting minors, children, or individuals below the age of 18 is considered to be a very serious offense; this criminal activity is not only applicable to those parties responsible for the release of this nature of media, but also to those individuals in ownership of that material:
The ownership, transmission, or receipt of pornography or media sexual in nature involving children
The solicitation of minors – or those below the age of consent – to participate in sexual activity; this can range from physical sex crimes to virtual sex crimes
Pornographic images depicting sexual acts involving animals, violence, injury, and simulated relationships illicit and unlawful in nature are also considered to be illegal and subject to Censorship in America

Digital Media Censorship

Internet Law, which may be classified under as a subgenre of ‘Cyber Law’ or ‘Computer Law’, is considered by many to be one of the most recently-developed legal fields as a result of the ongoing advent of computer-based technology; furthermore, the notion of digital or virtual Media Censorship is considered to be overseen by legislation expressed within this legal field. The reliance of the media of modernity on Internet-based, online activity has promoted the development of a variety of measures addressing digital media censorship, including the ethical and moral use of the Internet for lawful and legal purposes.

What You Need to Know About Movie Censorship

What You Need to Know About Movie CensorshipWhat is Movie Censorship?

Movie Censorship is the legal process that regulates the permissibility of a movie, film, video, or cinema to undergo broadcast and distribution; while certain movies are permitted to undergo public disbursement and release, other types of movies will be limited to their presentation within private sectors – in certain cases, and movies will be prohibited and banned in their entirety. Movie Censorship regulation will take length, content, and subject matter into consideration with regard to enacting any or all alteration of banning. Furthermore, the respective classification of a movie – comprising the innate nature of the movies’ content and subject matter – will typically determine whether or not those videos will be subject to censorship:

Movie Banning vs. Movie Censorship

Films subject to both movie censorship and movie banning are classified in accordance with the presumption that their respective content is perceived to be objectionable, incendiary, illicit, or immoral by the presiding authority. Both banned and censored items are classified in accordance to the circumstantial ideology and methodology subject to variance on a locational basis:
Movie Banning is considered to be a prohibition that is definitive and unwavering in the entirety of the ban, which includes disbursement, viewing, sale, purchase, production, advertising, marketing, distribution, and screening
Movie censorship involves the alteration, adjustment, or editing of film or cinema in the event that the subject matter or content is deemed to be objectionable in nature with regard to the code of decency within the public sector of a specific location

Movie Censorship and Film Ratings

The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is a non-profit, independent association that is responsible for the oversight of the ratings system attributed to films and movies; these ratings are determined with regard to the content and subject matter of the movies themselves in addition to the presupposition of the intended audience. In lieu of movie censorship, the MPAA rating system allows for the movies to remain intact as a result of regulations placed on the permissible viewing audience – the following are the classifications within the MPAA rating system:
A rating of ‘G’, which is an acronym for ‘General Audiences’ is given to motion pictures that are presumed to be appropriate for all viewing audiences
A rating of ‘PG’, which is an acronym for ‘Parental Guidance Suggested’ is given to motion pictures that are presumed to contain material, content, and subject matter ranging in suitability with regard to child – or minor – viewers
A rating of ‘PG-13’, which is an acronym for ‘Parents Strongly Cautioned’ is given to motion pictures that are presumed to be inappropriate for children under the age(s) of 13
A rating of ‘R’, which is an acronym for ‘Restricted’ is given to motion pictures that are presumed to be appropriate for children under the age(s) of 17; in the event that a child under the age of 17 wishes to view the movie, parental accompaniment will be required
A rating of ‘NC-17’, which is an acronym for ‘No One Under 17 Admitted’ is given to motion pictures that are presumed to contain objectionable subject matter intended for adult audiences

Music Censorship Overview

Music Censorship OverviewWhat is Music Censorship?

Music Censorship is the legal process of the regulation of audio recording or performances within the realm of music; music censorship is subject to reject unlawful banning, prohibition, cessation, and censorship of music; conversely, music censorship is a regulatory measure to ensure that music adheres to applicable legislation and statutory regulation – music and media not considered to adhere to applicable legislation may be subject to alteration, editing, or the adjustment of musical content. 

Legislation and Music Censorship

The following is expressed within the 1st Amendment of the Constitution of the United States with regard to censorship; these precepts have been extended with regard to the regulatory measures undertaken by music censorship legislation:

The 1st Amendment to the Constitution of the United States explains that citizens of the United States are entitled to the human and civil right, which prohibits unlawful media and Music Censorship – this statute also includes an artist’s freedom to express themselves in accordance to accepted and undertaken legislation
With regard to music censorship, the Freedom of Speech ensures that every citizen of the United States will be entitled to the freedom to express themselves in accordance with applicable legislature enacted in order to preserve the safety and wellbeing of the general public
The Freedom of Speech prohibits ideas, ideology, or creeds to be imposed on any individual without their respective and expressed consent; with regard to music censorship, this entitles individual citizens to partake the purchase, use, and enjoyment of music not considered to be in direct violation of the law

Music Censorship Agencies and Institutions



The following agencies have been responsible for the enactment of measures employing Music Censorship:

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
The Federal Communications Commission is the governmental branch that is responsible for the regulation of content expressed through media disseminated through the use of publically-owned airwaves. With regard to their respective role in Music Censorship, the FCC is considered to be the primary regulatory body with regard to music and audio recording transmitted on public airways.
Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC)
The Parents Music Resource Center was founded in 1985 in order to allow parents to better understand the presumed meanings and content within the music available within the United States, which was available for purchase in the commercial marketplace; primarily, the PMRC focuses on music the perceived messages that are presumed to include violence, sexuality, foul language, and satanic practices. However, the PMRC mandates these classifications with regard to their own methods of qualification; they do neither operate as a Federal committee, nor do they enact a uniform creed or standard with which they present classifications.

Private vs. Public Music Censorship



The following terms are commonly used as classifications employed in order to qualify music with regard to both the analysis of presumably objectionable material, as well as material deemed to adhere to applicable legislation. A Public Setting is a location that is regulated by legislation considered to provide for the preservation and protection of the public wellbeing; in contrast, privacy is a setting in which an individual is free to undertake any type of behavior deemed to be legal.

Fast Guide to Censorship Cases

Fast Guide to Censorship Cases

Though freedom
of speech is guaranteed by the First Amendment of the United States
Constitution, there are times when speech and other forms of communication may
be subject to censorship. To censor a person or party is to suppress verbal and
other types of communication by the government, media, or other organization.
The reasons to censor an individual or faction will usually revolve around the
concept that what is being communicated is harmful or objectionable.

There
are different types of censorship that exist, with each having particular
reasons to censor an individual. Moral censorship entails the removal of
obscene material, such as pornography. Child pornography is usually the subject
that is censored in this regard and is considered illegal in most jurisdictions
across the world.

Another
common case occurs in the media, where language is commonly censored. Language
is censored through the use of the “bleep method,” where objectionable
or foul language is replaced by an audible “bleep.” This method is
used both in television and radio. 

Censorship laws has more information about
censorship cases. 

Revealed: Is There Any Pros Of Censorship

Revealed: Is There Any Pros Of Censorship

Censorship controls the information that is brought to society. Although most countries use some form of censorship, there are pros and cons of the act of censoring. Some pros of censorship include:

·        The censor of pornographic material prevents the corruption of children;
·        Censorship helps preserve the secrets of a nation being revealed;
·        The act of censorship helps protects individuals’ privacy;
·        The act of censorship helps prevent terrorist groups from learning about dangerous technological advances;
·        Censorship can help hide sensitive military information;
·        It helps avoid plagiarism;
·        Censorship protects children from learning things that could potentially harm them;
·        It limits the amount of violence that is broadcasted over the television;
·        It  limits the amount of obscenity and vulgarity seen on television and in movies;
·        It protects the morals of society and religions;
·        It limits the amount of abuse that is viewed over the television;
·        It prevents negative displays of cultures, individuals, or communities.

Censorship laws has more information about the pros of censorship.